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2013第三屆世界陰陽人論壇宣言

World 3rd IS Forum

2013年12月1日 Link
 
2013年11月29至12月1日,世界第三屆陰陽人論壇在ILGA與ILGA Europe的支持下,在馬爾他瓦萊塔舉行。本次論壇共有34位陰陽人運動者與來自各大洲的30個陰陽人團體齊聚一堂。
 
序言:

 我們申明,陰陽人是真實的,我們存在於世界各地的所有地區和所有國家。因此,陰陽人必須受到支持,成為與他們相關的社會,政治和法律改革的驅策者。
 
我們重申第一、二屆國際陰陽論壇宣言的原則,並擴大旨在消除對陰陽人的歧視,確保陰陽人身體的完整性,自主權和自決權的訴求。
 
訴求:
 
終止透過法定與其他方式對陰陽兒的傷害與「正常化」的醫療,如生殖器手術、心理的與其他醫療處置。陰陽人必須被賦予權力,為影響自身完整性、自主權與自決權做出自己的決定。
 
終止著床前基因診斷、產前篩檢和治療,以及對陰陽胎兒進行選擇性流產。
 
終止對陰陽兒的殺嬰與對陰陽人的殺害。
 
終止對陰陽人的進行非自願的絕育。
 
在醫療手冊、規範和分類中將性徵的變化去病理化,如世界衛生組織(WHO)的國際疾病分類(ICD)。
 
將陰陽兒的性別登記為女或男,並讓其了解他們成長後,就像所有人一樣可以認同不同的性或性別。
 
確保生理性別或社會性別是可通過簡單的行政程序在本人要求下修正。所有的成年人和具決定能力的未成年人應該能夠選擇成為女性(女性),男(M),非二元或多重的性別選項。未來,如同種族或宗教等項目,個人的生理性別或社會性別也不應該出現在出生證明或身份證明文件裡。
 
盡可能地在社會中提高對陰陽人議題與人權的認識。
 
為陰陽人及其家人創造與促進支持性的、安全的和可歡慶的環境。
 
保障陰陽人擁有取得其自身醫療紀錄與病歷等完整訊息的權利。
 
確保所有在照顧陰陽兒健康具有重要腳色的專業人員與健康照護提供者能夠得到充分的訓練以提供有品質的服務。
 
充分承認過去對陰陽人造成的苦難和不公,並提供適當的補償、賠償、訴諸司法的途徑和了解真相的權利。
 
設立陰陽人的反歧視法,並確保防止交織性的歧視。
 
確保提供陰陽人完整的人權和公民權,包括結婚和建立家庭的權利。
 
確保陰陽人都能夠依照其法定性別參與各級運動競賽。受到侮辱或遭剝奪獲獎頭銜的陰陽人運動員應該獲得賠償並恢復其榮譽。
 
承認陰陽人的醫學化和汙名導致陰陽人巨大的創傷和心理健康問題。
 
鑑於確保陰陽人身體完整性和福祉,應提供陰陽人畢生(在自我要求下)及其父母或其照顧者非病理性的心理 - 社會和同儕支持。
 
基於以上觀點,本論壇呼籲:
 
1國際性、區域性與國家級的人權機構應關注陰陽人議題,在其工作中提供陰陽人議題的能見度。
 
2國家級政府在宣示由陰陽人論壇提出的關注和借鑒適當的解決辦法時應與陰陽人代表和組織直接合作。
 
3傳媒與消息提供者應確保陰陽人的隱私權,尊嚴,正確的和倫理的報導呈現。
 
4贊助陰陽人組織、支持他們在能見度的爭取、能力的提高、知識的建立和人權的肯定。
 
5人權組織能夠致力於與陰陽人組織建立連結與相互支持的基礎。這應在合作的精神下完成,不應將陰陽人議題作為達到其他目的的手段。
 
中文翻譯:丘愛芝  2013/12/1
 
Public Statement by the Third International Intersex Forum

Between 29 November and 1 December 2013, the Third International Intersex Forum, supported by ILGA and ILGA-Europe, took place in Valletta, Malta. This event brought together 34 activists representing 30 intersex organisations from all continents.

Preamble:
We affirm that intersex people are real, and we exist in all regions and all countries around the world. Thus, intersex people must be supported to be the drivers of social, political and legislative changes that concern them.

We reaffirm the principles of the First and Second International Intersex Fora and extend the demands aiming to end discrimination against intersex people and to ensure the right of bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination.

Demands:
· To put an end to mutilating and ‘normalising’ practices such as genital surgeries, psychological and other medical treatments through legislative and other means. Intersex people must be empowered to make their own decisions affecting own bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination.
· To put an end to preimplantation genetic diagnosis, pre-natal screening and treatment, and selective abortion of intersex foetuses.
· To put an end to infanticide and killings of intersex people.
· To put an end to non-consensual sterilisation of intersex people.
· To depathologise variations in sex characteristics in medical guidelines, protocols and classifications, such as the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases.
· To register intersex children as females or males, with the awareness that, like all people, they may grow up to identify with a different sex or gender.
· To ensure that sex or gender classifications are amendable through a simple administrative procedure at the request of the individuals concerned. All adults and capable minors should be able to choose between female (F), male (M), non-binary or multiple options. In the future, as with race or religion, sex or gender should not be a category on birth certificates or identification documents for anybody.
· To raise awareness around intersex issues and the rights of intersex people in society at large.
· To create and facilitate supportive, safe and celebratory environments for intersex people, their families and surroundings.
· To ensure that intersex people have the right to full information and access to their own medical records and history.
· To ensure that all professionals and healthcare providers that have a specific role to play in intersex people's wellbeing are adequately trained to provide quality services.
· To provide adequate acknowledgement of the suffering and injustice caused to intersex people in the past, and provide adequate redress, reparation, access to justice and the right to truth.
· To build intersex anti-discrimination legislation in addition to other grounds, and to ensure protection against intersectional discrimination.
· To ensure the provision of all human rights and citizenship rights to intersex people, including the right to marry and form a family.
· To ensure that intersex people are able to participate in competitive sport, at all levels, in accordance with their legal sex. Intersex athletes who have been humiliated or stripped of their titles should receive reparation and reinstatement.
· Recognition that medicalization and stigmatisation of intersex people result in significant trauma and mental health concerns.
· In view of ensuring the bodily integrity and well-being of intersex people, autonomous non-pathologising psycho-social and peer support be available to intersex people throughout their life (as self-required), as well as to parents and/or care providers.

In view of the above the Forum calls on:
1. International, regional and national human rights institutions to take on board, and provide visibility to intersex issues in their work.
2. National governments to address the concerns raised by the Intersex Forum and draw adequate solutions in direct collaboration with intersex representatives and organisations.
3. Media agencies and sources to ensure intersex people's right to privacy, dignity, accurate and ethical representation.
4. Funders to engage with intersex organisations and support them in the struggle for visibility, increase their capacity, the building of knowledge and the affirmation of their human rights.
5. Human rights organisations to contribute to build bridges with intersex organisations and build a basis for mutual support. This should be done in a spirit of collaboration and no-one should instrumentalise intersex issues as a means for other ends.
 
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