Home‎ > ‎

OII 官方立場

 
醫療照顧 On Health Care

我們的社會已經接受介於男性與女性之間的二元性別建構,而此建構無法反應自然的現實以及極大可能性的各種介於男性與女性二極之間的光譜上各種不同程度的交集性別sexs生理性別)。

任性的將生物性別分成只有二種使得所有實踐性別指定的個人都變成是有問題的。

不論生殖器或染色體都無法決定一個新生兒的真正性別。

新生兒的性腺、賀蒙與內生殖器對於決定一個孩子的最後性別也不是可靠的指標。

每一個孩子生來都是所有這些因素構成的獨特組合,組合的可能有極大的不同,因此對於新生所做的所有性別指定都只是一種猜測。

我們反對所有非經雙方同意的、非醫療必要的新生兒正常化治療,贊成所有intersex孩童有權利決定自己的性別身份(sex identity)一旦他們有能力與我們溝通。更進一步,我們建議父母尊重孩子的性別身份,只處理需要處理的部分,讓孩子能夠根據自己的決定生活。

一旦孩子能夠清楚表達自己的性別身份,對於孩子來說,照顧孩子的父母、醫生與治療師的尊重是很重要的。在提供所有必要的健康照護的每一個步驟中,都要尊重孩子自己的感覺,才能幫助孩子在自己認為最適合的性別過生活。

所以,我們致力於改變目前非經雙方同意的正常化治療醫療典範,並且反對將自覺性別被指定錯誤的intersex診斷為性別焦慮症或性別認同障礙(GID Gender Identity Disorder )。OII肯定孩子真正的性別是由自己內在的心理認知所決定。並且肯定每個intersex朋友都有權力不受醫療或政府的介入決定自己的性別,是一種基本的人權。 
On health care  Link
OUR societies have accepted a binary construct between male and female which does not reflect Nature and the enormous variety of possible sexes which overlap one another in various gradations on a spectrum with male at one end and female at the other.
The arbitrary division of biological sex into only two categories makes all sex assignments of an individual problematic.
Neither the genitalia, nor the chromosomes help one determine the “true” sex of an infant.
The gonads, hormones and the internal reproductive organs of the infant are also not reliable indicators for determining conclusively the sex of a child.
Each child is born with a unique combination of all these factors and the different possible combinations are very numerous, making all sex assignments of infants a mere conjecture.
We campaign against all non-consensual normalization treatments of infants that are not medically necessary and favour the right of all intersex children to determine their own sex identity once they are capable of communicating it to us.
Furthermore we advise parents to respect the sex identity of their children and to do all that is necessary so that their children can live according to their choice.
Once the child has communicated clearly their own sex identity, it is crucial that the child’s identity be respected both by the parents, physicians and therapists who are caring for the child.
All steps should be taken to respect the child’s own sense of self by being given access to all health care necessary to facilitate life in the sex the child considers most appropriate.
Therefore, we are campaigning in favour of changing the current medical paradigm concerning non-consensual normalization treatments and against the diagnosis of gender dysphoria or GID in intersex individuals who feel they were assigned the wrong sex.
OII affirms that the true sex of the child is determined by their own inner psychological perceptions and that the right of individual intersex persons to affirm their own sex without medical or governmental interference should be a basic human right.

 論第三性 On a Third Sex                                                                                                                                                 

將intersex創造成一個新的性別類別是有問題的。首先,關於如何定義陰陽人(intersexuality)OII相信這永遠都不會有一個清楚的定義,而且一個法定的定義也是不必要的。我們也沒有對男人或女人有清楚的定義,我們只是就這樣認為。

OII的目的是幫助intersex的朋友瞭解,並不是只有兩種本來就存在的性別這樣的人權。生理性別與心理性別的光譜上是有無限可能的組合。

為intersex創造一個特殊的類別,其風險更甚於一個不被理解的社群被邊緣化。基於每個人都有權力決定在二元系統下自己的身份,我們期待最終任何人都不會被強行貼上法定的性別標籤。


On a third sex   Link

THE idea of creating a new sex category to be designated “intersex” poses several problems.

First of all, how do we define intersex? OII believes that there will be never a clear definition and at the same time, that it is not necessary to have a legal definition for intersex. We have no clear definitions for what a woman is or a man is. We only assume this to be the case.

The purpose of OII is to work in favour of human rights for  intersex by helping people to understand that there are not just two pre-existing sexes. There is an infinite combination of possibilities on the spectrum of sex and gender.

The creation of a specific category for  intersex risks even more marginalization of a group which is poorly understood. We base our legal arguments on the right of every person to determine her/his own identity in the binary system in the hope that eventually there would be no attempt to impose legal sex categories on anyone.


Comments