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第一屆亞洲陰陽人論壇宣言

譯註:本翻譯版本適用於台灣,關於Intersex的翻譯,本文採取傳統翻譯「陰陽人」,基於亞洲陰陽人論壇宣言中去除所有陰陽人相關名詞污名之主張,本團尊重其他中文社群使用其所習用與偏好的中文翻譯。如有其他誤譯,歡迎指正。
中文翻譯義工:丘愛芝 

Intersex Asia(亞洲陰陽人聯盟)新聞稿  English  Malayalam  Spanish
曼谷,泰國
2018年2月11日

    2018年2月8日至11日,由陰陽人人權基金 (Intersex Human Rights Fund) 支持的第一屆亞洲陰陽人論壇 (First Asian Intersex Forum) 在泰國曼谷舉行。在論壇期間,與會者成立了Intersex Asia(亞洲陰陽人聯盟)- 亞洲第一個以人權為基礎的陰陽人組織的與陰陽人運動者的區域聯盟,致力於促進陰陽人、陰陽人社群和陰陽人運動的權利。
    論壇匯集了14名來自香港(中國)、印度、印尼、緬甸、尼泊爾、巴基斯坦、菲律賓、台灣、泰國和越南等國代表陰陽人組織與社群的陰陽人。
    Intersex Asia旨在致力於促進和保護亞洲陰陽人的人權,為亞洲陰陽人和社群發聲,並確保陰陽人的生命權、身體完整權、身體自主權和自決權在各地得到提升和保護。
這一時刻是亞洲陰陽人運動的關鍵,因為它標誌著亞洲陰陽人人權的可見性和獲得認可的歷史時刻。
    在亞洲,由於醫療專業人員對陰陽人議題的缺乏理解,導致了不必要和不人道的醫療手術,其中包括對陰陽人嬰兒、青少年和成人進行“正常化” 的手術和治療。
    由於陰陽人天生具有不符合男性或女性典型二元概念身體的性別特徵(包括生殖器、性腺、性激素和染色體),因此陰陽人兒童和成年人往往受到污名化與多重的人權侵犯,包括他們的身體健康權、免於酷刑和虐待的權利以及平等權和免於歧視等人權。
    作為亞洲的陰陽人,我們生活在一個由許多文化、宗教、傳統、醫療信仰和習俗仍舊延續著對陰陽人的歧視、暴力和殺害的社會中。因此,我們必須得到支持,成為改變與我們相關之社會、政治和法律的主導者。
    Intersex Asia是一個自治的聯盟,由來自亞洲國家的陰陽人組織和陰陽人組成,致力於陰陽人議題的教育,喚起世人對陰陽人社群所面臨的人權受侵犯和歧視的認識。
    亞洲陰陽人論壇和Intersex Asia亦呼應並肯定第三屆國際陰陽人論壇宣言(亦稱馬爾他宣言)、2017年ILGA亞洲會議陰陽人會前會宣言,並擴大了旨在要求消除對陰陽人群體的歧視、促進和保護亞洲陰陽人的人權,並確保陰陽人的生命權、身體完整權、身體自主權和自決權。(見公開宣言)

媒體聯絡人:
丘愛芝Hiker Chiu(台灣)(中文、英文):hiker@oii.tw
Gopi Shankar Madurai(印度)(英語、泰米爾語、馬拉雅拉姆語、印度語):br.gopishankar@gmail.com,+918610539702,+919092282369,@ gopishankarmdu
Nada Chaiyajit(泰國)(泰文、英文):nada.chaiyajit@gmail.com
Small Luk(中國香港)(中文、粵語、英文):ivysmall@ymail.com,+85251996331(whatsapp)
Esan Regmi(尼泊爾)(尼泊爾文、英文):esanregmi@gmail.com,+977 9861336738

亞洲陰陽人運動公開宣言  Public Statement by the Asian Intersex Movement
曼谷,泰國
2018年2月11日

    2018年2月8日至11日,由陰陽人人權基金(Intersex Human Rights Fund)支持的第一屆亞洲陰陽人論壇(First Asian Intersex Forum)在泰國曼谷舉行。論壇匯集了來自香港(中國)、印度、印尼、緬甸、尼泊爾、巴基斯坦、菲律賓、台灣、泰國和越南的陰陽人組織和社群的14位陰陽人代表。

序言:
我們申明,陰陽人是真實的,我們存在於世界各地的所有地區和所有國家,包括全亞洲國家。因此,陰陽人必須受到支持,成為與其相關的社會、政治和法律改革的主導者。
我們是代表亞洲各地的陰陽人運動者,共同致力於消除對陰陽人的歧視、促進與保護陰陽人人權。

訴求:
  • 承認對陰陽人造成的痛苦和不公正。
  • 承認性別歧視、醫療化和汙名化對陰陽人所造成的重大創傷和心理健康問題。
  • 去除所有陰陽人相關名稱的汙名。
  • 認識陰陽人乃有關生理特徵,與性取向或性別認同截然不同。 陰陽人可能是異性戀、男同性戀、女同性戀、雙性戀或無性戀; 並且可以認同為女性、男性、亦男亦女或兩者皆非。
  • 透過立法與其他方式終止對陰陽兒的殘害與所謂「正常化」的醫療介入,諸如生殖器手術、心理的與其他醫療處置。陰陽人必須被賦予權力,為影響自身完整性、自主權與自決權做出自己的決定。
  • 終止著床前基因診斷、產前篩檢和醫療介入,以及對陰陽胎兒進行選擇性流產。
  • 終止不恰當的醫療處置和醫療範式,包括由於缺乏對陰陽人和陰陽人乃自然變化的認識而對胎兒和新生兒進行性別選擇和醫療干預。
  • 終止對陰陽人進行未經同意的絕育醫療處置。
  • 對醫療處置、指南、範式和分類中關於性別特徵的差異進行去病理化,如世界衛生組織的國際疾病分類。
  • 在產前諮詢和支持中納入以人權為本的陰陽人衛教。
  • 終止殺害陰陽兒、拋棄陰陽兒與以榮譽殺戮之名殺害陰陽人。
  • 終止強迫陰陽人子女接受正常化手術為男性以符合繼承財產的要求。
  • 確保陰陽人的繼承權不因不孕而被剝奪。
  • 確保陰陽人組織和陰陽人同儕支持團體獲得承認、資源並得到強化。
  • 在反歧視立法中增加性別特徵為基礎,並確保防止交織性歧視,保護陰陽人免受歧視。
  • 將陰陽人納入性暴力和性騷擾法律的保護對象。
  • 確保身心障礙陰陽人享有法律的保障和支持。
  • 確認陰陽人難民需要免受歧視的保護和適當的社會心理協助。
  • 確保陰陽人在婚姻和收養法律當中擁有平等權以及非歧視性的法律保護。
  • 保護陰陽人在工作場所不受歧視。
  • 為陰陽人及其家人和周圍環境創造和促進支持性、安全和可慶祝的環境。
  • 提供以人權為本的陰陽人教育,以增強陰陽人及其家屬的權利。
  • 支持陰陽人及陰陽人家庭之間的互相連結,並建立陰陽人社群。
  • 確保陰陽人有權取得有關個人病歷與病史的充分訊息。
  • 確保陰陽人在使用政府與公共機構的服務時享有隱私權的保護,包括醫院,教育機構和政府機構等。
  • 確保陰陽人享有所有的人權和公民權。
  • 鑑於確保陰陽人身體完整性和福祉,應提供陰陽人畢生(在自我要求下)及其父母或其照顧者非病理性的心理 - 社會和同儕支持。
  • 確保所有在陰陽人身心健康中發揮特定作用的專業人員和醫療保健提供者都經過充分的培訓,以提供優質服務。
  • 提供符合陰陽人身體和心理健康需求適當和方便的醫療保健服務。
  • 將陰陽兒的性別登記為女或男,並理解到在他們成長後,他們應得以如其他人一樣可以認同不同的性或性別。
  • 確保生理性別或社會性別是可通過簡單的行政程序在本人要求下修正。所有的成年人和具決定能力的未成年人應該能夠選擇成為女(F),男(M),非二元或多重的性別選項。未來,如同種族或宗教等項目,個人的生理性別或社會性別均不應載明於出生證明或身份證明文件當中。
  • 確保所有在陰陽人福利中發揮特定作用的重要夥伴,例如但不限於醫療保健提供者、父母、在教育領域工作以及社會上的專業人士,都能夠得到指引,從人權角度來認識陰陽人議題。
  • 終止違反陰陽人基本隱私和尊嚴的性別確認檢查,並確保他們能夠按照其合法性別參加各級體育競賽。因此曾被羞辱或被剝奪獲獎頭銜的運動員應該得到賠償和恢復其榮譽。
  • 提高人們對社區和社會中陰陽人議題和陰陽人權利的認識。
  • 提供全面性的性教育,包括納入陰陽人及其經驗在各級教育中提供以人權為基礎的陰陽人教育。
  • 充分認識過去對陰陽人造成的痛苦和不公正,並提供適當的補救、賠償、訴諸司法和獲得真相的權利。
基於以上訴求,本論壇呼籲:
  • 國際性、區域性與國家級的人權機構應關注陰陽人議題,在其工作中提供陰陽人議題的能見度。
  • 各國政府在面對由亞洲陰陽人運動提出的關注和擘畫適當的解決辦法時應與陰陽人代表和組織直接合作。
  • 各國政府應制止有害的文化習俗,如殺害陰陽人嬰兒和對陰陽人成人進行榮譽殺戮。
  • 傳媒與消息提供者應確保陰陽人的隱私權、尊嚴,正確的和符合倫理的報導呈現。
  • 社區領導者參與陰陽人教育,消除對陰陽人的誤解和汙名。
  • 資助者應與陰陽人組織建立關係,支持他們進行能見度的爭取、提高他們的能力、建立知識和確保他們的人權。
  • 人權組織應致力於與陰陽人組織建立連結,並建立相互支持的基礎和有意義的交流。這些應在合作的精神下完成,不可將陰陽人議題作為達到其他目的的手段。
Media Statement by Intersex Asia
Bangkok, Thailand
11th February 2018

Between the 8th and 11th February 2018, the First Asian Intersex Forum, supported by the Intersex Human Rights Fund, took place in Bangkok, Thailand. During the Forum, participants founded Intersex Asia – the first regional network of Asian human-rights-based intersex organisations and intersex activists working for the rights of intersex people, communities and movements.

The Forum brought together 14 intersex people representing intersex organisations and communities from Hong Kong (China), India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

Intersex Asia aims to work towards the promotion and protection of human rights of intersex people in Asia, to be a representative voice for Asian intersex people and communities, and to ensure that the rights to life, bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination of intersex people are promoted and protected everywhere.

This moment is a linchpin for the Asia Intersex Movement as it marks a historical moment for the visibility and recognition of intersex human rights in Asia.

Throughout Asia, lack of awareness about intersex issues from medical professionals leads to unnecessary and inhumane medical procedures, which include ‘normalising’ surgeries and treatments on intersex infants, adolescents and adults.

Because intersex people are born with sex characteristics (including genitals, gonads, hormones and chromosome patterns) that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies, intersex children and adults are often stigmatised and subjected to multiple human rights violations, including violations of their rights to health and physical integrity, to be free from torture and ill-treatment, and to equality and non-discrimination.

As intersex people in Asia, we live in a society that perpetuates discrimination, violence and killings of intersex people by a number of cultural, religious, traditional and medical beliefs and practices. Therefore, we must be supported to be the drivers of social, political and legislative changes that concern us.

Intersex Asia is an autonomous network and consists of intersex-led organisations and intersex individuals from Asian countries that work to educate about intersex issues, and raise awareness about the human rights violations and discrimination faced by intersex communities.

The Asia Intersex Forum and Intersex Asia also recall and affirm the principles of the Public Statement by the Third International Intersex Forum (known as the Malta Declaration), the Intersex Statement of the Intersex Pre-Conference at ILGA-Asia 2017, and extend the demands aimed at ending discrimination against intersex people, promoting and protecting the human rights of intersex people in Asia, and to ensure the rights to life, bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination. (See Public Statement).

Public Statement by the Asian Intersex Movement
Bangkok, Thailand
11th February 2018

Between the 8th and 11th February 2018, the First Asian Intersex Forum, supported by the Intersex Human Rights Fund, took place in Bangkok, Thailand. The Forum brought together 14 intersex people representing intersex organisations and communities from Hong Kong (China), India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

Preamble
We affirm that intersex people are real, and we exist in all regions and all countries around the world, including all countries of Asia. Thus, intersex people must be supported to be the drivers of social, political and legislative changes that concern them.

We are intersex activists representing the diverse region of Asia, working together to end discrimination, and promoting and protecting the human rights of intersex people.

Demands
  • To acknowledge the suffering and injustice caused to intersex people.
  • To recognise that sexism, medicalisation and stigmatisation of intersex people result in significant trauma and mental health concerns.
  • To remove the stigma from all the terms referring to intersex.
  • To recognise that being intersex relates to biological sex characteristics, and is distinct from a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity. An intersex person may be heterosexual, lesbian, bisexual or asexual; and may identify as female, male, both or neither.
  • To put an end to mutilating and ‘normalising’ practices such as genital surgeries, psychological and other medical interventions through legislative and other means. Intersex people must be empowered to make their own decisions affecting their own bodily integrity, physical autonomy and self-determination.
  • To put an end to preimplantation genetic diagnosis, pre-natal screening and interventions, and selective abortion of intersex foetuses.
  • To put an end to inappropriate medical practices and protocols, including the administration of medication for gender selection and medical interventions on foetuses and newborn babies, as a result of lack of awareness about intersex people and intersex variations.
  • To put an end to non-consensual sterilization of intersex people.
  • To depathologise variations in sex characteristics in medical practices, guidelines, protocols and classifications, such as the World Health Organisation’s International Classification of Diseases.
  • To include human rights-based intersex education in antenatal counselling and support.
  • To put an end to infanticide, abandonment and honor killings of intersex people.
  • To end practices that force normalising surgeries on intersex children to be male as a requirement for inheritance.
  • To ensure that the right to inheritance of intersex people is not denied on the ground of infertility.
  • To ensure that intersex organisations and intersex peer support groups are recognised, resourced and strengthened.
  • To protect intersex people from discrimination by adding the ground of sex characteristics to anti-discrimination legislation and to ensure protection against intersectional discrimination.
  • To protect intersex people in the laws regarding sexual violence and harassment.
  • To ensure the legal protection and support of intersex people with disabilities.
  • To recognise intersex refugees need protection against discrimination and the appropriate psychosocial help.
  • To ensure equal and non-discriminatory legal protection for intersex people in marriage and adoption laws.
  • To protect intersex people against discrimination at the workplace.
  • To create and facilitate supportive, safe and celebratory environments for intersex people, their families and surroundings.
  • To provide human rights-based intersex education to empower intersex people and their families.
  • To support intersex people and their families to connect and build up intersex communities.
  • To ensure that intersex people have the right to full information and access to their own medical records and history.
  • To protect intersex people’s right to privacy while engaging with civil and social institutions, such as hospitals, educational and governmental institutions.
  • To ensure the provision of all human rights and citizenship rights to intersex people.
  • In view of ensuring the bodily integrity and well-being of intersex people, autonomous non-pathologising psycho-social and peer support be available to intersex people throughout their life (as self-required), as well as to parents and/or care providers.
  • To ensure that all professionals and healthcare providers that have a specific role to play in intersex people’s wellbeing are adequately trained to provide quality services.
  • To provide accessible and appropriate healthcare that meet the physical and mental health needs and issues of intersex people.
  • To register intersex children as females or males, with the awareness that, like all people, they may grow up to identify with a different sex or gender.
  • To ensure that sex or gender classifications are amendable through a simple administrative procedure at the request of the individuals concerned. All adults and capable minors should be able to choose between female (F), male (M), non-binary or multiple options. In the future, as with race or religion, sex or gender should not be a category on birth certificates or identification documents for anybody.
  • To ensure that all key partners that have a specific role to play in intersex people’s wellbeing such as, but not limited to, health care providers, parents and professionals working in the area of education, as well as society in general, are instructed on intersex issues from a human rights perspective.
  • To end sex verification tests that violate the fundamental privacy and dignity of intersex people, and ensure they are able to participate in competitive sport, at all levels, in accordance with their legal sex. Intersex athletes who have been humiliated or stripped of their titles should receive reparation and reinstatement.
  • To raise awareness around intersex issues and the human rights of intersex people in communities and society at large.
  • To provide comprehensive sexuality education that includes references to intersex people and experiences, as well as human-rights-based intersex education at all levels of education.
  • To provide adequate acknowledgement of the suffering and injustice caused to intersex people in the past, and provide adequate redress, reparation, access to justice and the right to truth.

In view of the above the Asian Intersex Movement calls on:
  • International, regional and national human rights institutions to take on board, and provide visibility to intersex issues in their work.
  • National governments to address the concerns raised by the Asian Intersex Movement and draw adequate solutions in direct collaboration with intersex representatives and organisations.
  • National governments to stop harmful cultural practices, such as infanticide and honor killings of intersex people.
  • Media agencies and sources to ensure intersex people’s right to privacy, dignity, accurate and ethical representation.
  • Community leaders to engage in intersex education to dispel misconceptions and stigma around intersex people.
  • Funders to engage with intersex organisations and support them in the struggle for visibility, increase their capacity, the building of knowledge and the affirmation of their human rights.
  • Human rights organisations to contribute to building bridges with intersex organisations and build a basis for mutual support and meaningful engagement. This should be done in a spirit of collaboration and no-one should instrumentalise intersex issues as a means for other ends.
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