Home‎ > ‎

何謂陰陽人/雙性人/間性人?

陰陽人是指生理性別無法明確歸類於男性或女性的人。一個陰陽人可能擁有雙性的特徵或者缺乏被定義為某一性別所必須有的生理特徵。

陰陽人是天生的,源自於基因、染色體或賀爾蒙的變化。環境的影響如內分泌干擾也可能扮演導致某些陰陽人差異的角色。陰陽人非指刻意選擇改變自己生理特徵的人。

陰陽人占全球人口顯著比例,從1.9(Anne Fausto-Sterling, sexologist, 2000)4(多項研究顯示)

註:「陰陽人」或者「兩性人」為傳統華人民間社會普遍所知的稱呼,也收錄於辭典文獻,但多數人只聞其名,未知或誤解其義,固有說明與正名必要,故本團採用之,並以之為代表。近現代生物學發現「雌雄間性」,故亦有「間性人」之稱,但十分罕用,有待推廣。「雙性人」則是晚近才出現的新命名,較易與跨性別和雙性戀詞意混淆,較需澄清,亦尚須推廣認識。故本團採並列,同時介紹給大眾。個人認同命名需予尊重。link

What is intersex? (OII International)  link

The term intersex was adopted by science in the early 20th century and applied to human beings whose biological sex cannot be classified as clearly male or female. An intersex person may have the biological attributes of both sexes or lack some of the biological attributes considered necessary to be defined as one or the other sex.

Intersex is always congenital and can originate from genetic, chromosomal or hormonal variations. Environmental influences such as endocrine disruptors can also play a role in some intersex differences. The term is not applicable to situations where individuals deliberately alter their own anatomical characteristics.

Intersex people represent a significant percentage of the global population, from 1.9% (Anne Fausto-Sterling, sexologist, 2000) to 4% (various authors).


Comments